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Visit My Modern Met Media. CONFEDERATE statues and monuments honoring slave traders are being taken down amid worldwide anti-racism protests spurred by the death of George Floyd. Twenty eight were dedicated between 1950 and 1970. The sculpture park creates a wave-like form as the slabs of different heights interact with the landscape. A drone image shows the area surrounding the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia. The difference with monuments to Confederate generals and statesmen is that many of those statues went up in late 19th and early 20th centuries, as part of a retrenchment and the attempt to restore some of the pre-Civil War social order in the states of the Confederacy. The Smithsonian Magazine found in 2018 that during a 10-year period, nearly $40 million of taxpayer funds were spent on cleaning and preserving Confederate monuments, including statues. We’re also on Pinterest, Tumblr, and Flipboard. Many municipalities in the United States have removed monuments and memorials on public property dedicated to the Confederate States of America (CSA), and some, such as Silent Sam in North Carolina, have been torn down by protestors. This is demonstrated by the survival of the confederate flag long after the confederacy’s four-year-long existence and the emergence of confederate statues that spiked 50 years after the war’s end. At a Harvard Graduate School of Design event titled “On Monuments: Place, Time, and Memory,” past Harvard President Drew Gilpin Faust shared her thoughts on this theory in regard to the American Civil War. Please read our disclosure for more info. Platero believes this design was necessary to imagine a built space where people could remember, reflect, and mourn. Each monument serves as a physical representation of a memory that is celebrated. If you make a purchase, My Modern Met may earn an affiliate commission. If you click “Agree and Continue” below, you acknowledge that your cookie choices in those tools will be respected and that you otherwise agree to the use of cookies on NPR’s sites. Aside from burial sites and temples, some of the oldest structures in the world are memorials to the dead. It is designed to be purposely abstract and non-prescriptive so that visitors can experience it as they need to. Virginia Gov Ralph Northam on Thursday ordered the removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee in Richmond. In the widespread protests that followed the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police on May 25, statues of and memorials to Confederate soldiers and generals were vandalized or torn down. In 2020, in particular, there has been an uprising of concerns over confederate statues in the United States that celebrate individuals with complicated and increasingly problematic histories. It is EJI’s hope that the National Memorial inspires communities across the nation to enter an era of truth-telling about racial injustice and their own local histories.”, Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe (Photo: Stock Photos from Anton Havelaar/Shutterstock), Syrian Refugees Recreate Destroyed Monuments to Always Remember Their Culturally Rich Architecture, Powerful BLM Video Projections Help Reclaim Controversial Robert E. Lee Monument [Interview], Monumental Hands Reach Across Venice Canal as a Symbol of Unity, Moving COVID-19 Memorial in Uruguay Pays Tribute to Victims of the Pandemic. Confederate Statue, Oxford, MS. Monument to Confederate soldiers at Ole Miss. Designed by the Equal Justice Initiative and MASS Design Group,  The National Memorial for Peace and Justice is a structure in Montgomery, Alabama that acts as the first memorial for victims of lynching in the United States. The largest amount of these statues were installed during 1900-1920. Even though the Civil War ended in 1865, a majority of Confederate monuments were built between 1890 and 1950, during the Jim Crow era. While every statue in every town has a different origin, taken together, the roughly 700 Confederate monuments in the United States tell a national story. Confederate monuments: What the men honored by statues did and believed Staff reports, USA TODAY Network 7/31/2020 Biden calls for 100M vaccines in first 100 days of his presidency Monuments or commemorative statues are types of memorials that often pay homage to individuals. The majority (604) were dedicated before 1950. Use Confederate statues and names to educate Monuments to the best of us remind us of our high ideals, and monuments to the worst of us remind us what not to repeat: Another view The statue, erected in 1890, is slated for removal. Many of the monuments and statues, most of which depict Confederate leaders or Christopher Columbus, have been a source of controversy … Monuments dedicated to the dead have been around for millennia, so this idea of building a memorial isn't new. The Confederate statues were put up when they were put up [not just after the war but largely during periods of Civil Rights tension in the 20th century], to send a message about white supremacy, and to sentimentalize people who had actively fought to preserve the system of slavery. The most controversial of those memorials, the Robert E. Lee statue … Here is a list of some of the Confederate monuments and statues that have been removed over the past two weeks: Robert E Lee statue, Montgomery, Alabama. image caption Democrats have called for Confederate monuments to be removed from Capitol Hill in Washington The second wave came in the 1950-1960s, as … And in Birmingham, Ala., on Sunday, protesters spray-painted the Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Monument, a 52-foot-tall sandstone obelisk, and chipped at its base. Celebrating creativity and promoting a positive culture by spotlighting the best sides of humanity—from the lighthearted and fun to the thought-provoking and enlightening. Nathan Bedford Forrest Monument (Photo: Stock Photos from L. Kragt Bakker/Shutterstock). There are nearly 800 Confederate monuments and statues on public property throughout the country, the vast majority in the South. A drone image shows the area surrounding the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia. A portion of the Southern Poverty Law Center's graph showing when Confederate monuments and statues were erected across the country. This is the full text of the remarks delivered last week by the mayor of New Orleans, Mitch Landrieu, upon his removal of the last of the city’s several Confederate monuments… She believes architecture should be more accessible to everyone and uses writing to tell unexpected stories about the built environment. “Confederate monuments have and continue to be a symbol of racism, oppression, and slavery. Here's Why. Want to advertise with us? image caption Democrats have called for Confederate monuments to be removed from Capitol Hill in Washington The second wave came in the 1950-1960s, as … The Forrest Monument coincides with this time frame, having been built in 1905. Receive our Weekly Newsletter. How do we preserve current monuments that no longer meet our values, and should we preserve them at all? 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